On May 24, 2018, at the regular press conference of the Ministry of Communications, Wu Chungeng, spokesperson of the Ministry of Transport, said that it would promote the cancellation of highway toll stations to solve the traffic jam phenomenon that is likely to occur at provincial toll stations. .
As of the end of December 2018, G2 Beijing-Shanghai, G15 Shenhai, G25 Changshen, G3 Jingtai and S69 Jixu and other five Sulu provincial toll stations, as well as G42 Hurong, G65 Baomao, G75 Lanhai, G85 silver Kun (two), G93 into the ring line (two), G5013 Cistanche, G5012 Enguang, G5515 Zhangnan 10 Sichuan-Chongqing provincial toll stations have achieved unblocked traffic.
All along, the highways in China have adopted the method of segmental construction, that is, the national unified planning and fundraising for local construction. In the charging mode, a management system that uses provincial demarcation and provincial toll collection is adopted. Therefore, on a highway connecting different provinces, there will be multiple toll stations, which will be charged for the passing vehicles.
■ Crack the congestion problem of highway toll stations
Today, with the continuous expansion of China's car ownership, the existence of provincial toll stations has caused great troubles for long-distance travel and medium-long-distance logistics. Especially during the holidays, a long period before the provincial toll stations There are often scenes of heavy traffic jams on the road. It can be said that the existence of provincial toll stations not only reduces the efficiency of traffic, but also is not conducive to the quality improvement and transformation and upgrading of the logistics industry.
According to the estimation, after canceling the provincial toll station, the transit time per train is about 10 seconds shorter than before. Although the time saved by bicycles is less, overall, the time saved is very considerable. In addition, when the vehicle passes through the toll booth, it often goes through several starts and stops, or idling, and it consumes more fuel than the economic speed. Therefore, the cancellation of the provincial toll station will also have significant energy-saving and emission reduction effects.
In September 2016, the Ministry of Transport announced a set of data. The national ETC network was operated for one year, saving a total of 80,000 tons of fuel for vehicles, energy saving benefits of about 700 million yuan, reducing nitrogen oxide emissions by 190 tons, and hydrocarbon emissions. Tonne and carbon monoxide emissions were 23,800 tons.
"In fact, the cancellation of highway toll gates and the ETC national network operation have the same effect. After full implementation, it will reduce the cost, increase efficiency, save energy and reduce emissions. From the perspective of the owner, cancel the high speed Highway toll gates are a good policy for the convenience of the people," said Liu Yuning, a truck driver.
Chen Liqing, a truck driver from Weiyuan County, Sichuan Province, said: "I usually go to Chongqing this line. The supply to and from the city is relatively stable. The main reason is to pull the express. Because the timeliness requirements are relatively high, basically all of them go high speed, but every time. Passing the provincial toll gates not only has to delay a lot of time to queue up, but also to check the cash is more troublesome. Now the Sichuan-Chongqing community has canceled the highway toll gates, which is a good news for our truck drivers. The entrance and exit can be queued up, and the time saved in one year is estimated to be more than one work, which is equivalent to increasing the income of our truck drivers."
Liu Xianqing, president of the United Trucks Club Friends Club, also believes that it is a good thing to cancel the highway toll gates. "Like several provincial toll stations in Beijing, it is common to block more than ten kilometers. Truck drivers sometimes have to go in and out of Beijing. If you can cancel the provincial toll station, you will save a lot of time for the truck driver and improve the efficiency of logistics and transportation.
"From the transportation routes from Xinjiang to the coastal areas, if you can cancel the provincial toll stations in the future, it will be estimated that saving half a day to one day will greatly improve the transportation timeliness and ease the current low price. Pressure," said the truck driver Zhao Wei.
■ Operational efficiency increases the tolls but it is expensive
However, while the provincial toll stations of the Sichuan-Yunnan Expressway were cancelled, many truck drivers in Sichuan reported to reporters that their tolls had risen.
On December 18, 2018, the Sichuan Provincial Communications Department, the National Development and Reform Commission, and the Department of Finance jointly issued the "Announcement on Matters Related to the Tolling of Freight Cars on Toll Roads" (hereinafter referred to as the "Announcement"). The "Announcement" clearly states that since January 15, 2019, 20% of the weight of the two-axis and three-axis normal loading trucks will not be implemented, and the weight of the four-axis and four-axis normal loading trucks will be 30%. Offer. At the same time, ETC trucks can enjoy a 5% discount. Since January 15, 2019, the tolls for trucks on Sichuan Expressway, Class I roads, bridges and tunnels have increased by 20% or even 30%. ETC trucks can enjoy a 5% discount.
A truck driver said that his semi-trailer ran from Ganzhou to Ankang, and the toll was more than 100 yuan. There are also truck drivers who have calculated the account. For the four-axle truck, if the original toll is about 500 yuan, after canceling the preferential policy, you need to pay 200 yuan each time. For truck drivers with low profit margins in the current road freight industry, each additional toll is a reduction in revenue and profit.
Facing the doubts of truck drivers, the "Announcement" issued by Sichuan Province pointed out that the preferential toll policy implemented since January 15, 2014 is aimed at promoting over-limit overload control. Now that the phased target tasks have been completed, it is back to normal. Weighting standard. Judging from the "Announcement", there is no causal link between the cancellation of the provincial toll station and the cancellation of the highway toll discount in Sichuan Province.
However, if the preferential tax policy for trucks in Sichuan Province has not been abolished, how should the high-speed tolls for trucks from Sichuan Province to Chongqing be counted? It will become a difficult problem after the cancellation of the provincial toll stations at the Sichuan-Chongqing Expressway.
Liu Xianqing believes that the abolition of provincial toll stations involves the interests of various provinces. It will be very difficult to implement them. If they cannot be balanced, the implementation effect will definitely be greatly reduced. “Today, the fees vary from province to province. Truck drivers are definitely inclined to move from provinces with low fees. In the long run, it will inevitably affect the high-speed income of some provinces. In addition, in theory, there will be more economically developed provinces. Vehicles entering and leaving the expressway, while the economically underdeveloped provinces have fewer vehicles entering and leaving the country. If the state cannot coordinate the economic interests of these provinces, the elimination of highway toll stations will be difficult to implement," he said.
■ Cancellation of provincial toll stations needs to clear the pass discount
In fact, after the cancellation of highway toll gates, many provinces have formulated relevant preferential policies. For example, Fujian Province has stipulated the installation of electronic payment for the card, and implemented the province's preferential travel, including 2% discount on the card. , 5% discount on stored value cards, for large and medium-sized freight vehicles of 15 tons or more, from Jingtai Expressway to Zhejie Expressway to the Changshen Expressway, Ningshang Expressway to Changshen Expressway, Yuyuejie Section, Pujian Expressway From the Jiejie to the Jiejie section, the Ningshang Expressway to the Ningdewan section, the Ningshang Expressway to the Shenhai Expressway, the Zhejie section, the Ningshang Expressway to the Suining Expressway and the Zhejie section, according to Mileage is 20% to 50%. The Tianjin Municipal Transportation Commission recently issued the “Dianjin Expressway will implement a differentiated charging policy”, stipulating that from 0:00 on January 15th, vehicles that legally reload goods in the entire section of the Tianjin section of the Beijing-Tianjin Expressway will enjoy a toll of 6.5. Discount policy. Before April 1st, the toll discount will be applied to certain international standard container trucks that have been legally loaded in and out of the designated toll booths.
The calculation of the expressway toll policy originally formulated by the provinces after the cancellation of the provincial toll stations is a question that needs to be pondered. Many truck drivers are even worried that after the cancellation of provincial toll stations, the prevailing preferential policies formulated by the provinces will also be cancelled.
Wu Chungeng, spokesperson of the Ministry of Transport, said at a press conference that the abolition of highway toll gates in the highways is, to a certain extent, a reconfiguration of the highway toll management system and requires a lot of basic preparatory work, especially In the aspects of vehicle and traffic path identification, charging system computing processing capability, charging system network security protection, and inter-provincial service coordination mechanism, it is necessary to adjust or strengthen according to new requirements.
Liu Xianqing believes that if the government can co-ordinate the economic interests of the provinces, the cancellation of the provincial toll stations should not lead to the cancellation of preferential policies for the provinces. The current big data technology and positioning technology can fully monitor the trajectory of the vehicles, according to the trajectory of the vehicles, completely It can be clearly seen which toll roads the vehicle passes through, and the highway tolls can be clearly calculated according to the unified preferential policies and charging standards set by the state.
While canceling the provincial toll stations and improving the efficiency of traffic, it is the voice of the majority of truck drivers to follow the existing preferential policies for highway traffic, and it also tests the wisdom of the competent transportation department.